Consider your audience In most cases the person whom you are writing for is your instructor.
No duplication without permission. As the flow chart to the right indicates, research begins with curiosity. Academic research involves a special methodology that is not the same as that used by a journalist or the casual inquirer. Nevertheless, as the diagram shows, a variety of forces can stimulate one's curiosity: We will begin the research process with a Concept Paper.
This may also be known as an abstract or a proposal, although these usually have more substance. Follow the steps below to develop a Concept Paper. What are you curious about within the general subject matter of this course? List a few areas of curiosity.
For example, I am curious about these different areas: Choose one of the areas of curiosity and develop some specific questions this is called "question framing".
Many research questions can be classified as: Here are some questions: What is Portland's racial breakdown?
Preparing a Concept Paper for Funded Research All research projects start with a good idea and writing a concept paper is an effective and language will not effectively communicate your ideas and reduce the chances of your project receiving positive feedback. Free writing is an individual activity for getting thoughts from your head on to paper. Explain the concept of stream of consciousness to your students and tell them that free writing is simply putting on paper every thought that is going through their heads. - The Concept of Dual Addiction This research paper will focus on the concept of dual addiction specifically, that of alcohol addiction and simultaneous nicotine addiction. I should make note at this point of my personal interest in the addictive process is a result of the existence of addiction in my family.
This is a descriptive question. Why has Portland's racial makeup developed as it has? This is general enough to be considered exploratory. Is there a relationship between certain factors and Portland's racial makeup -- for example: Do any of your questions lend themselves to a research hypothesis?
If so, write out any hypotheses. A research hypothesis is an "educated guess" about relationships that may explain behavior and phenomena. Sometimes we refer to our research hypothesis as our thesis or theses plural.
If research hypotheses involve quantitative data, they may be tested statistically through statistical hypothesis testing.
Note that developing hypotheses may require some preliminary research or prior knowledge which is why a hypothesis is called an educated guess.
For my example, I can develop the following research hypotheses, although not all of them can actually be tested statistically. Obviously, these research hypotheses are based on information I have from previous research, reading, etc.: I hypothesize that Portland has a relatively low percentage of non-Caucasians compared with cities of similar size and growth measured by population change over past decades.
Of the non-Caucasians, I hypothesize that Portland is likely to have a relatively high proportion of Asian residents because of our location on the Pacific Rim as well as our more recent development of high-tech industry; in addition, older generation Asian-Americans are likely to be here because of railroad building during the s.
I also hypothesize that Portland is likely to have a relatively high proportion of Hispanic residents because of our location north of California and because of the part of our economy that is agriculture based. Finally, I hypothesize that Portland is likely to have a relatively low proportion of African-American residents because of our geographical location never a port of access for the slave trade and our relatively late development of an industrial economy sufficient to provide a large number of jobs to attract migration from the South and Northeast.
In addition, I hypothesize that Portland was, for most of its history, a conservative city, with an active KKK and leadership that did not encourage diversity.
Identify the ideal evidence data and how you will probably try to gather that evidence your methodology. You are very likely to need multiple types of evidence data. For my example hypotheses, I need the following: Census data regarding race and population growth over time Census and other historical data regarding Portland's economy Data regarding immigration rates and destinations of Asians, Hispanics, and African-Americans over time Information about Portland's political, social, and cultural history The methodology I will probably have to use will include the following: Review of Portland's economic, social, and cultural history through secondary sources books written about Portland's history Review of history of immigration of Asians, Hispanics, and African-Americans through secondary sources Review of history about immigrants in certain sectors of the economy through secondary sources Collection and analysis of Census, immigration, and employment data 5.
Write a Concept Paper. Begin with a very direct and explicit statement of your area of interest and your research question s. This should take about one paragraph.concept (i.e., each theoretical issue) discussed in your term paper. 2b) DO distinguish among the same theorists (or schools of theorists) on how they address three or more theoretical issues.
The Purpose of a Concept Essay. Are you interested in moving your students toward deeper and more abstract thinking?
One way you can do this is by getting them involved in writing concept essays. Critical essay writing ideas; Expository essay writing help; A Guide To finding A great Concept Essay Topics Easily. Follow these easy steps to come up with a great topic for your concept style essay.
It can really ad another layer of exploration to the concept paper. Concept Analysis Essay Sample. Actual caring occasion is thought to correspond with respectable nursing practice.
As guided by the concept analysis framework of Avant and Walker (), an attempt is made to gain better understanding of the constituent properties of caring. To write a concept paper, the writer must first choose the concept that he or she would like to write about. Sometimes, an instructor will choose a concept for the students, but, many times, writers are given the option to choose for themselves.
Concept Papers - Writing Steps There are steps to concept paper writing that are universal and can be applied in most situations in order to develop the boilerplate.