Violence Over the past few decades, hundreds of studies have examined how violent programming on TV affects children and young people.
See Article History Effects of television viewing on child developmenthighly contested topic within child development and psychology involving the consequences for children from the content of and the duration of their exposure to television TV programming.
It is difficult to argue that youths are not affected by what is broadcast on television. However, it is equally difficult to pinpoint particular shows or genres of programming as causing specific behaviours in children without considering the innumerable amount of alternate influences that may have an effect on their actions.
Some have argued that television clearly has negative effects on youths—such as violent programming resulting in children who are more fearful, more aggressive, or more insensitive to the suffering of others—whereas others believe that such effects are, at best, ambiguous.
Although it is uncertain which perspective is right or wrong, it is quite certain that the debate continues to galvanize social scientists, parents, and politicians in the United States and elsewhere. In the Columbia Broadcasting System CBS sponsored a study conducted by Rutgers University that found that television increased family unity and cohesion, did not promote viewer passivity, and did not replace other valued diversions, such as outdoor activities and social interactions.
That landmark report was one of the first and most widely disseminated of its kind, and several more would follow in the forthcoming decade. Soon, however, questions were raised about whether television viewing decreased dialogue between children and parents and whether children could be expected to maintain academic progress as their average total viewing time increased to more than 20 hours a week.
Eventually, broadcasters capitalized upon those youthful watchers by developing targeted programs such as puppet shows and Saturday morning cartoons. Although those were highly popular, many children—especially those from households that provided minimal parental involvement in viewing choices—were also watching wrestling shows, TV westernsand mystery-crime dramas, all of which incorporated a significant amount of violence into their story lines.
That, in turn, raised even more concerns about the impact of television on American youth. Throughout the following decades, psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, and other social scientists have argued a number of different perspectives with respect to whether television violence facilitates or triggers violent behaviours in children.
Some believe that watching violence on television likely causes a significant number of children to behave violently. Others have agreed that this may be true but that it is so only with children already susceptible to exhibiting violence.
As a result, some have argued for tighter controls, either voluntary or legislative, concerning what should be allowed on the airwaves.
Other potential effects The debate of whether violence on television begets violence in children may be the most-salient issue, but some social scientists argue that television programming has negative effects on children beyond promoting aggressive behaviour.
For example, television shows appear to perpetuate gender and racial stereotypes and offer young viewers a distorted perspective of how the world works and how people behave.
Several studies have correlated television with deficits in attention and focus and have revealed negative correlations between test scores and the number of hours of programming watched. Health care professionals have also weighed in on the television debate. They believe that children who spend more time watching television are going to spend less time engaging in physical activity.
Additionally, psychologists argue that the large amount of time spent watching TV threatens the cohesiveness of the family. Despite all the negative influences attributed to television, some commentators note that the medium can have a positive effect on youths. For instance, television programs are quite commonly used in school classrooms, and teachers may use educational videos or segments recorded from network broadcasts to accentuate their lessons and provide learning avenues for children with different learning styles.
Policy issues Because of the television-viewing habits of youths, some legislators have advocated for stricter regulation of what is shown on TV.
In the United States inCongress mandated that V-chipsdevices that parents can use to block programming inappropriate for children, be installed in every television set produced after Studies indicate that most parents do not use the V-chip, which may render the effects of such legislation negligible.
Although members of the television-broadcasting community have been largely compliant in providing ratings and guidelines for their shows, they generally challenge governmental attempts to restrict their product. In essence, they argue that television is part of the free-enterprise system, and any attempt to control its content violates constitutional principles.TV & Movie Violence Why watching it is harmful to children Ages 2–6 Watching violence in movies and on television is potentially n Control the number of hours your children watch television.
n Control the programs they watch. n Discuss the programs your children see. Even if your children . sex and violence to children, and an increase in public tolerance or ignorance of graphic Television gives children and teens access to all information. There observations were used in an attempt to draw conclusions as to the relationship of exposure to violence and adult themes through media and deviant behavior in middle.
- Television reaches children at a younger age and for more time than any other socializing institution except the family.
- By age 18, a U.S. youth will have seen 16, simulated murders and , acts of violence. the effects of violence in relation to children: In most cases viewing and having a preference for watching violent television is related to aggressive attitudes, values and behaviors.
The relationship between exposure to media violence and aggressive behavior has been demonstrated in a series of laboratory and field experiments and quasi- experiments. state definitions of domestic violence ©Resource Center on Domestic Violence: Child Protection and Custody, a project of the Family Violence and Domestic Relations Program (FVDR) of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ),