Lucky for us, the Prison Policy Initiative has released a comprehensive graphic that aggregates the available information and helps to explain the complicated and expansive U.
United States[ edit ] At the end ofUnited States state and federal correctional facilities housed over 1. Nineteen states in total are operating above maximum capacity.
InCalifornia declared a "state of emergency" with regard to overcrowded prisons.
Possible problems caused by prison overcrowding include: This includes the construction of new prisons, and the conversion of space within existing facilities that has been used for other purposes into prison space.
Alternate forms of sentencing are used, including probationcommunity servicerestitutiondiversion programsand house arrest. Additionally, inmates may become eligible for early release from parole and other credits. Technology for tracking criminals outside of prison with smart bracelets continues to evolve and improve.
One technology involves using GPS to create a geo-fence to monitor criminals to keep them within a designated area at certain times.
This enables criminals to go to work, school, and return home in a controlled manner. The final solution is to shorten prison sentences.
According to the Bureau of Justice Statisticsif prison sentences are revamped to be shorter and more accurate to the crime, prison population will decrease tenfold. This decrease will help eliminate overcrowding.
It will also allow for more rehabilitation opportunities. The average tax payer will be paying less with this option, as well.
With inmates spending shorter amounts of time in prison, they are costing the taxpayers less money. Also, since the study was done proving that more inmates are willing to attend rehabilitation clinics when they are in comfortable situations, it will also call for less repeat offenders.
These repeat offenders generally hold longer sentences due to past convictions; however, with less repeat offenders, less taxpayer money will go into caring for inmates.
Drug treatment studies for in-prison populations find that when programs are well-designed, carefully implemented, and utilize effective practices they reduce relapse, reduce criminality, reduce recidivism, reduce inmate misconduct, increase the level of the offender's stake in societal norms, increase levels of education and employment upon return to the community, improve health and mental health symptoms and conditions, and improve relationships.State Prison Capacity, Overcrowded Prisons Data Overcrowded prisons are quite common across many states.
States like Alabama, for example, have extended prisons far beyond their capacity for years. Prison overcrowding is a social phenomenon occurring when the demand for space in prisons in a jurisdiction exceeds the capacity for prisoners in the place.
Prison overcrowding can occur when the rate at which people are incarcerated exceeds the rate at which other prisoners are released or die, thereby freeing up prison space.
To accommodate the possibility of overcrowding (although not on the level that would actually occur), these prisons were equipped with water and sewage infrastructure for percent of housing.
This, as seen in ALEC’s recently updated initiative on Prison Overcrowding, has led states pouring hundreds of millions, even billions, of taxpayer dollars into their corrections budget.
Prisons serve a valid and necessary role in protecting our communities but locking up many nonviolent individuals for lengthy sentences is an avoidable bill. nonviolent women out of prisons and into community-based facilities. These proposals were the centerpiece of a special legislative session called to address prison overcrowding in California.
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