The practice became commonplace during the Middle Ages, with fathers who were looking to ensure a strong family bloodline paying top price for grooms of good ancestry. The dowry today m-bot While the dowry system still exists in India today, its function has changed somewhat, becoming an unspoken mandate and being viewed these days as something of a bargaining chip when arranging marriages. The more educated a groom is, the more money his family can demand as a dowry. The dark side of the dowry The underbelly of the dowry system revolves around the treatment of brides.
Dowry System in India: Problems, Social Dimensions and Other Details! But, in course of The dowry system, it became a crude institution resulting in female infanticide, suicide, bride-burning and other indignities and cruelties.
The problem of dowry has become a serious social evil among the upper castes and middle classes both in towns and villages.
The rules of marriage, namely, caste endogamy and clan exogamy, and anuloma hypergamy and pratiloma hypogamyhave been misinterpreted and misused for maintaining the dowry system. Further, a girl needs to be married to a boy who belongs to a family with a status higher than that of her family.
This practice of marriage alliance is known as hypergamy or anuloma. Thus, anuloma has restricted choice and created a desire to give away a girl through marriage to a superior family.
A boy becomes a more valued object than a girl. The net result, therefore, is dowry: This practice has become a serious social problem. Magnitude of the Problem: In India, and particularly in Delhi and other metropolis, dowry murders and suicides have become a matter of great concern.
In Delhi alone, a bride was burnt to death every twelve hours. A total of cases of burning of women were reported in Delhi between 1 April and 30 June This was an all-time high number of such incidents, and dowry was the most prominent cause of such a phenomenon. The problem of dowry is experienced by all sections of Indian society, but it has become a chronic evil particularly among the educated middle classes engaged in salaried jobs and trade and commerce.
Incidences of the dowry-related atrocities and crimes have receded recently as a result of the social awakening created by various groups and organisations. It is considered more as an expenditure on the marriage of a girl, which parents are required to incur by force.
There are no references to dowry as we know it today in the Sanskritic texts.
However, there are references to bride-price in the context of the traditional forms of marriage. There are certainly references to ornaments given to the bride.
The Smritis also do not mention dowry. Dowry is a phenomenon which emerged in the medieval period. The Rajput princes, thikanedars and jagirdars gave away gifts to their daughters at the time of marriage with a view to exhibit their prosperity and superior status.
In course of time the practice filtered down from the rich Rajputs and other twice-born castes to other sections. Social Dimensions of Dowry: English education and white-collar jobs have accentuated the problem of dowry. A boy with good education and employment becomes much sought after match for a girl.
If anything has kept some pace with wider social and economic changes in India, it is the increase in dowry in terms of cash and material goods. Whatever new products come to the market, such as motorcycle, car, music system, DVD player, television, refrigerator, household goods, electrical appliances, clothes, ornaments, furniture, etc.
If parents of moderate economic standing cannot meet dowry demands, their daughter remains unmarried; or if they manage to give a dowry, they get into heavy debt. Demands for more dowries after marriage have become a source of conflict between families of the boy and that of the girl.
When the demands are not met, brides are harassed, tortured, burnt, or they commit suicide. Dowry has also become a symbol of prestige for both the dowry-givers and the dowry-takers. Parents of a boy boast that their son fetched a very high amount of dowry, including a car, a plot of land or a flat, a video and all other luxury and household goods.
Both givers and takers of dowry talk about these things and value them with a feeling of pride. It is not easy to define dowry as it does not refer to cash and material goods alone.
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It has been defined as a share of a daughter or a sister in parental property, given to her at the time of her marriage. Even if there is no substantial family property to be shared, there is a tendency among people to borrow money to meet the expenses of marriage and dowry. The number of people in the marriage party [barat], the number and quality of meals, presents to the baratis, etc.
Thus, dowry is not simply the giving of cash and material goods. It has become customary to give dowry.Dowry is a form of consideration (in cash or otherwise) demanded by the groom or his relatives in return for marring the to be bride.
One of the worst evils of Indian Society is the dowry system. The custom of dowry is prevalent in all the sections of our society in one form or the other.
The dowry system in India refers to the durable goods, cash, and real or movable property that the bride's family gives to the bridegroom, his parents, or . In their finding of dowry system, they declared that ‗organized religious are not part of the solution but part of the problem.‘40 A number of Orthodox Church based in the state of Kerala, Matthew said that her church had the tradition of ―pattaram‖ – collecting two percent of the dowry for the church, even after the Dowry Prohibition.
An essay on evils of dowry system in India.
Dowry system is as old as man is. The dowry system is a social evil. It is prevalent in all parts of India and almost in all the countries of the benjaminpohle.com India many of the traditional customs have been given up, but the custom of dowry has not only continued, but flourished over the years.
Dowry transactions have become a social evil and the families of Indian grooms make endless demands of the bride’s family. In extreme cases, the newlywed bride can be murdered by her in-laws or even driven to commit suicide. Many victims are burnt to death by being doused with kerosene and set on fire.
Dowry definition is - dower. How to use dowry in a sentence. dower; the money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband in marriage; a gift of money or property by a man to or for his bride.