Servo motors

Servos have integrated gears and a shaft that can be precisely controlled. Standard servos allow the shaft to be positioned at various angles, usually between 0 and degrees. Continuous rotation servos allow the rotation of the shaft to be set to various speeds. The Servo library supports up to 12 motors on most Arduino boards and 48 on the Arduino Mega.

Servo motors

Standard Large There are also specialty sizes. The Micro and Standard sizes are the ones most often used by Arduino experimenters. Gear Material Servos have a number of internal gears plus gearing directly on the output shaft, these serve to slow down the motor speed and increase its torque.

The gears can be manufactured using either plastic or metal. Metal gears offer better performance, can usually support higher torques and are less subject toi stripping.

Metal gear servos also come at a higher cost. They are however quieter and are less expensive than metal geared servo motors.

Key Documents

You can often get the same servo motor with a choice of gears. A common experimenters motor is the SG90, a Micro sized servo motor with plastic gears. Its metal-geared counterpart is the MG As they come in Servo motors same case and have the same voltage and driver requirements they are Servo motors, with the MG90 offering superior performance because of its metal gears.

Servo motor quality is also affected by the type of bearings and the number of them.


Motors with multiple bearings have smoother and more accurate rotation. Speed The speed of a servo motor is specified as the time required to move the shaft of the servo by 60 degrees. An example rating is 0. Servo speed is more applicable to conventional servo motors, continuous rotation motors are rated in maximum RPM like any DC motor.

High speed servos are used in model aeroplane and helicopter application to control elevators and rudders which often need to be moved quickly. Many of these use digital control and internal optical position sensors instead of potentiometers to allow for more rapid movement.

Torque Torque is a very important parameter, it literally specifies how strong a motor is. Torque is defined as the amount of force a servo can apply to a lever or in other words how much weight it can hold up.

Servo motors

It is measures in either ounce-inches or kilogram-centimeters. You can convert manually as follows: Multiply kilogram-centimeters by Divide ounce inches by Another way is to use an online torque converter. To understand how the torque figures relate to real world conditions consider the following example: A servo motor is rated at 5 kg-cm.

This would also be the same as The servo motor can support up to 5kg of load on a lever at a distance of 1 centimeter from shaft center. If you prefer Imperial measurements then it could support a At double the distance the load would be halved, so at 2cm from the shaft the lever could support 2.

Half the distance doubles the load that can be supported to 10kg. Larger servo motors tend to have larger torque capabilities, motors with greater torque tend to be more expensive.

They also weigh more and consume more current.

Servo motors

Operating Voltage Most hobby analog servos are rated from 4.SunFounder Metal Gear Digital RC Servo Motor High Torque for Helicopter Car Boat Robot Arduino AVR Toys Drone Fix-Wing Airplane.

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Servomotor - Wikipedia