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Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Evaluate this claim which is attributable to realist thinking on foreign policy. According to realist thinking on foreign policy, international relations and politics are formulated in accordance with national interest.
This presupposes that the key actors in International Relations are sovereign states that behave similarly regardless of their type of government.
As well, a state of anarchy is at the fundamental core of this argument and national interests of egoistic states as the main outward presence in international realm. Classic Realism, originally emerged from the European concert of aristocratic diplomacy. These are respectively neoclassical realism and neorealism.
Firstly, a detailed account of realism will be produced highlighting the emergence of national interest as the fundamental feature or goal of sovereign states.
This is done either through the maintenance of a status quo or aspiration of accumulating influence. It will be concluded that Defensive Realism or neorealism is the principal theoretical sub-school in according this claim any legitimacy.
Finally, resulting from the discoveries of the evaluation of realist foreign policy, principally on national interest, from neoliberal critiques; a subsequent new theoretical school will be expressed; Liberal Realism.
This is demonstrated by Christopher Hill. To evaluate the claim that foreign policy must be formulated in accordance with national interest, it is necessary to clearly define what realism is exactly and its theoretical sub-schools. Realism is a school of thought based on three core assumptions: Under the assumption of Groupism, nation-states are the most important human groups within which nationalism is an important source of in-group cohesion.
It carries no assumption concerning the nature of politics.
Additionally, necessity as the group interest or national interest defines it will trump any putatively universal morality and ethics. This leads onto the development of Realist Theories and their following sub-schools. There are many theoretical schools of realism. For the purpose of this essay, Offensive Realists and Defensive Realists theoretical schools will be considered and examined in relation to the question.
Offensive Realists or neoclassical realists are more concerned by conflict-generating foreign policy and the structural potential of anarchy itself. However, both emanate from the classical theoretical argument that anarchy renders states security problematic, potentially conflictual key underlying cause of war Since in the international system there is no central authority to enforce agreements, no state can rule out prospects that another state will take up arms.
This eventually leads on to the primacy of national security as the most viable and primary national interest.In this essay, let us examine the history of National Interests and also the interests of India.
HISTORIC EMERGENCE OF NATIONAL INTEREST: In the early 19th century, national interest was considered as important to that of a religion. Securitization of National Interests Essay SECURITIZATION OF NATIONAL INTERESTS In the decades following the end of the cold war, the field of security studies has seen new ways of thinking about international security.
National Interest The world politics revolves round the term national interest. The history is as old as the history of world. The concept of National interest is indistinct and carries a meaning according to the milieu in which it is used by the states.
Foreign Policy and National Interests Essay Sample. Question 1: Foreign policy must be formulated in accordance with the national interest’. Evaluate this claim which is attributable to realist thinking on foreign policy.
The national interest, often referred to by the French expression raison d'État ("reason of State"), is a country's goals and ambitions, whether economic, military, cultural or otherwise. The concept is an important one in international relations, where pursuit of the national interest is the foundation of the realist school.
 The Commission on America's National Interests is a report about the domestic concerns that are ongoing in this country. The report was started by a bipartisan group of Americans who believe the lack of American International leadership will cause threats to the .