How Charging Inmates Fees Behind Bars May Violate the Excessive Fines Clause Lauren-Brooke Eisen looks at the historical and present day practice of prisons charging inmates fees for costs related to their incarceration, including related case law. Introduction Inthe United States saw the birth of the first correctional fee law when Michigan enacted legislation authorizing counties to charge sentenced jail inmates for the costs of medical care. However, less work has been done to challenge the legality of this practice, perhaps because courts have historically been so unfriendly to these types of challenges.
Next iStockphoto The U.
But that fitful recovery has been an uneven one. Some parts of the country have already shrugged off the impact of the epic housing bubble, while other regions continue to languish. Americans' experience of the recovery largely depends on where they live.
Jobs may be plentiful in one state, for instance, but remain hard to come by in another, while the cost and value of a home -- ground zero for the crash -- also depend more on local conditions than national economic data can fully capture.
Unemployment, household income, rental and housing ownership data is from the latest American Community Survey. Home sale prices in the state were flat last year, when prices rose nearly eight percent overall across the U.
Alabama's rate of property ownership, where the owner or a co-owner lives in the property, is higher than average, coming in at That's a high percentage of low-income households compared with the rest of the U. The state's unemployment rate, meanwhile, is 1. That's higher than elsewhere in the U.
In terms of property ownership, where the owner or a co-owner lives in the property, Alaska is in line with the national average, with The second-most common income rate in Alaska is lower middle class, with about Alaska's unemployment rate is 1.
The property ownership rate is also close to the national average, with Arizona residents are more likely to own than to rent, at a rate of The state's unemployment rate is 0.
Median sale prices for homes in Arkansas are lower than elsewhere in the U. The state's property ownership rate, where the owner or a co-owner lives in the property, is In terms of rental units, In contrast, fewer than 22 percent of rental units elsewhere in the U.
The second-most common household income level is lower middle class. The state's jobless rate is 0. The state's rate of property ownership, where the owner or a co-owner lives in the property, is below the national average, at Over one-third of rental units in California, at The second-most common income level per household was lower middle class, with Unemployment in California is 1.
Property ownership in the state, where the owner or a co-owner lives in the property, is on par with the national average of Colorado's unemployment rate is 1. Home prices in Connecticut have been sliding, with the median sale price in the state falling 4. The state's property ownership rate, meanwhile, is Connecticut's unemployment rate is in line with the national jobless rate.
Median sales prices for homes in Delaware are rising, increasing this year by nearly four percent compared to a year ago, although that's below the national average of 7.
Property in Delaware is more likely to be owned than rented. The state's most recent property ownership rate, where the owner or a co-owner lives in the property, was A cost of living index above means Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania is more expensive.
Pennsylvania cost of living is Housing is the biggest factor in the cost of living difference. Analysis of the Lancaster, Pennsylvania Housing Market as of September 1, almost exclusively outside the city of Lancaster, where the population rose from 55, in to 56, 10 years later, an average of 80 people each year.
housing prices Median gross rent by state, Gross rent is defined as "the monthly amount of rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). San Francisco is % more expensive than Las Vegas.
Median Home Cost is the biggest factor in the cost of living difference.
Median Home Cost is % more expensive in San Francisco. View New Philadelphia, OH housing information to help on your home search. Includes average home and rent prices, owner vs renter occupied, vacancy status and more.
Find Homes Review Your City Best Places Top 10 Cities Blog. The median home value in Pennsylvania is $, Pennsylvania home values have gone up % over the past year and Zillow predicts they will rise % within the next year.